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Smallpox Vaccine Saved Billions of Lives—Yet Scientist Had No Idea What Virus They Used in it

The world’s very first vaccine, developed in 1798 to eradicate smallpox, remains one of the greatest mysteries in the history of medicine. The vaccine has saved countless lives since it was first introduced by British physician and scientist Edward Jenner, who many call the father of modern immunology. Historians and physicians typically think the vaccine is composed of the cowpox virus, a cousin of smallpox.

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The light bulb was such a good idea that it’s used as the symbol for having an idea.
We Don't Know What Virus is in the Smallpox Vaccine
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  • [03-10] Meet the woman hunting for the source of a smallpox-like virus that has already spread from #DRC's bush to #America. htt
  • [03-10] @davidschneider In other news, measles virus has been quoted as saying the MMR vaccine is a direct threat to health #Corbyn
  • [09-10] Endangered ferrets are being saved by drones that drop vaccine-laced M&Ms .
  • [02-09] Had a great time discussing @AnnaRKirkland book Vaccine Court #APSA2017 #WomenAlsoAPSA Terrific insights on vaccine politics, law & society
  • [27-09] Fantastic idea. But one small problem. This would cost billions which we simply do not have. #Lab17
  • [20-08] Is this the same scientist who thinks #Brexit is a terrible idea?? #imnotlistenening
  • [12-10] Follow The Money- #Strasburg had a virus but in G4 he was the virus for #FlyTheW @MitchMossRadio @PaulyHoward
  • [18-09] Ten years repairing PCs, virus removal, data recovery, did virus research for DrWeb AV, yet I'm #unqualifiedfortech and can't get hired
  • [19-09] Heavy Metal - a M5 concept to fly to Psyche... I would have an idea for the project scientist @mggtTaylor #epsc2017
  • [24-09] Whoever had the idea that #TonyRomo should call games for #CBS saved & made #NFL fans
  • [22-08] #Trump: 'We have been paying #Pakistan billions & billions of dollars at the same time they r housing the #terrorists that
  • [12-10] Julien, you have no idea how much trouble you just saved yourself by choosing me over Blake. #hestheworst #VoicePremiere
  • [11-10] We're considering paying £billions to get out of a market that we want to re-access for £billions when we're already in it! #BrexitReality
  • [22-09] I'm still hyped that I got to say hi to Zoë Johnston at #ABGT250. She has no idea how much her voice saved my life! Shoulda took a picture.
  • [21-10] I rather hang out with scientist working to inspire our future scientist #GreatMindsInSTEM Conference than listen t…
  • [11-10] See our latest #Beijing #job and click to apply: R&D-Oral Care-Associate Scientist/Scientist-BJ -
  • [12-08] A cmplin agnst #god & a challge for #scientist Why god hve mde only tht oxygen atom for our breath Nd y? scientist cant devlp altntv source
  • [12-10] Clearly the #Yankees gave the #Indians smallpox blankets. When will the genocide end?
  • [12-10] Follow The Money- #Strasburg had a virus but in G4 he was the virus for #FlyTheW @MitchMossRadio @PaulyHoward
  • [21-10] I rather hang out with scientist working to inspire our future scientist #GreatMindsInSTEM Conference than listen t…
Smallpox Vaccine Saved Billions of Lives—Yet Scientist Had No Idea What Virus They Used in it
The world’s very first vaccine, developed in 1798 to eradicate smallpox, remains one of the greatest mysteries in the history of medicine. The vaccine has saved countless lives since it was first introduced by British physician and scientist Edward Jenner, who many call the father of modern immunology. Historians and physicians typically think the vaccine is composed of the cowpox virus, a cousin of smallpox.
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* Smallpox emerged over 10,000 years ago. At its peak the disease killed 15 million people a year, maimed millions more and caused 1/3 of all blindness.Between the 1850s and the 1910s, mandatory vaccination drove smallpox out of North America and Europe. A coordinated UN effort from 1950 to the 1970s eliminated smallpox from the rest of the world. There hasn’t been a single case since 1977.Working together, every country in the world teamed up to destroy an enemy that killed an estimated 400-500 million people in the 20th Century alone. And it took less than three decades to make it happen. The campaign to eliminate smallpox is proof that a united humanity is capable of incredible things.
* It’d probably be a good idea to uninstall it and use whatever anti-virus program you got at the moment to see if you have any issues.Source
* The myxoma virus was introduced Australia in 1950 to control the rabbit population. Since then the virus has developed a surprising and deadly ability to suppress the immune response of its host rabbits. New Penn State research shows that viruses collected in the 1990s are much more effective at shutting down the immune systems of rabbits that have never been exposed to the virus than are viruses from the 1950s. Image: JJ Harrison, CC BY-SA 3.0 “When a host develops resistance to a virus, the virus will often evolve ways to evade the host’s immune response,” said Andrew Read, Evan Pugh Professor of Biology and Entomology and Eberly Professor of Biotechnology at Penn State, and an author of the study. “Instead of hiding from the rabbit’s immune response, the myxoma virus has evolved ways to directly suppress it, leading to the development of a virus that is even more deadly to non-resistant rabbits.”You can read more about this research here! 
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Are the commas here correct? “…a vaccine was finally discovered by an American scientist, Jonas Salk, in 1955…” Before a vaccine was finally discovered by an American scientist, Jonas Salk, in 1955, more than 80 percent of polio patients received help from the foundation. Why is "Jonas Salk" set off by commas ...
In the X-Files Episode “Deadalive”, did Scully cure Mulder of the alien virus without the vaccine? I just watched it (going through the mythology episodes). Mulder had what Scully "strongly believed" was the alien virus. Doggett failed to get the vaccine from Krycek so Skully treated him with "...
What is the proper way for indicating lives being saved? [closed] Would an apostrophe for possession be appropriate? For instance would the following be proper use: "which directly contributed to less suffering and lives’ saved" Thanks
Why did Nala Se care about how many clone lives Anakin saved in Shadow of Malevolence? At the end of Shadow of Malevolence (Season 1, Episode 3) from Star Wars: The Clone Wars, Kaminoan healer Nala Se (one of the original engineers of clones) says to Anakin: General Skywalker, I ...
A strategy for getting 3 biohazards on the smallpox scenario I'm hunting for all the achievements on Plague Inc. and I'm looking for a strategy guide for the scenario that works very well.
What is the probability of a virus spreading through a network given a virus source node? Model: Consider an infinite undirected connected graph $\mathcal{G}=(\mathcal{V},\mathcal{E})$. At time $t=0$, a given virus node $s\in\mathcal{V}$ starts infecting the network $\mathcal{G}$. ...
AnsrCo
How does the vaccine that contains cowpox virus prevent smallpox?
Who was the inventor of the vaccine against smallpox and concluded that a person inflicted with cowpox disease will not be inflicted anymore by smallpox?
How do you I recover a file saved automatically after downloading from email I click save but i have no idea where it saved. I tried searching for it but it doesnt show up. help?
What did the smallpox vaccine do?
What is smallpox vaccine?
Why was the smallpox vaccine needed?
Who made a vaccine for smallpox?
How was the vaccine for smallpox made?
What is the vaccine for smallpox called?
Who was the inventor of vaccine for smallpox?
Who invented smallpox vaccine?
Can you get a tattoo after getting a smallpox vaccine?
sen
Subject: Destruction of smallpox virus samples Asunto: Destrucción de muestras del virus de la viruela For example, vaccinia immune globulin, or VIG, is stored and ready for the next person who becomes ill from smallpox vaccine. A CDC scientist says he and his colleagues hid research regarding the MMR vaccine and autism. Shoham adds without substantive evidence that “Syrian possession of the smallpox virus is likely.” The only places the smallpox virus are known to exist today are storage facilities at the CDC and in Russia. Vaccine virus can spread to unvaccinated birds. El virus vacunal puede difundir a las aves no vacunadas. STAMARIL is a live attenuated yellow fever virus vaccine. STAMARIL es una vacuna de virus vivos, atenuados, de fiebre amarilla.
Know
Edward Jenner: Edward Jenner, FRS was an English physician and scientist who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, the world's first vaccine. The terms "vaccine" and "vaccination" are derived from Variolae vaccinae, the term devised by Jenner to denote cowpox.
ACAM2000: ACAM2000 is a smallpox vaccine developed by Acambis. It was approved for use in the United States by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on 31 August 2007. It contains live vaccinia virus, cloned from the same strain used in an earlier vaccine, Dryvax.
Epstein–Barr virus vaccine: A vaccine against Epstein–Barr virus is not yet available. The virus establishes persistent/latent infection and causes infectious mononucleosis. Several clinical trials for a vaccine were conducted in 2006-2008. The viral protein Gp350/220 is the primary target and MVA-EL has been also proposed as a target.
ALVAC-CEA vaccine: ALVAC-CEA vaccine is a cancer vaccine containing a canary pox virus combined with the carcinoembryonic antigen human gene. A phase I trial in 118 patients showed safety in humans.
1775–82 North American smallpox epidemic: The New World of the Western Hemisphere was devastated by the 1775–1782 North American smallpox epidemic. Columbus' first voyage to America can be attributed for bringing the smallpox virus to America and led to its spread across most of the continent of North America.
Inactivated vaccine: An inactivated vaccine is a vaccine consisting of virus particles, bacteria, or other pathogens that have been grown in culture and then killed using a method such as heat or formaldehyde. In contrast, live vaccines use pathogens that are still alive.
Rabies vaccine: Rabies vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent rabies. There are a number of vaccines available that are both safe and effective. They can be used to prevent rabies before and for a period of time after exposure to the virus such as by a dog or bat bite.
Varicella vaccine: Varicella vaccine, also known as chickenpox vaccine, is a vaccine that protects against chickenpox. One dose of vaccine prevents 95% of moderate disease and 100% of severe disease. Two doses of vaccine are more effective than one.
1974 smallpox epidemic in India: The 1974 smallpox epidemic of India was one of the worst smallpox epidemics of 20th century. Over 15,000 people contracted and died from smallpox between January and May 1974.
Influenza vaccine: Influenza vaccines, also known as flu shots or flu jabs, are vaccines that protect against infection by influenza virus. A new version of the vaccine is developed twice a year as the influenza virus rapidly changes.
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